Active Ingredients per 2.5-gram Chews:
L-Carnitine (as L-Carnitine Tartrate) - 140 mg
L-Carnitine is an essential amino acids which plays an important role in fat metabolism. It is a transporter of fatty acids into the mitochondria, thereby providing the fuel the heart needs to pump and oxygenates heart muscle cells. L-Carnitine also supports a healthy heart by preventing the development of fat deposits around the heart. Supplementation with L-Carnitine has been shown to improve appetite and exercise tolerance in dogs.
Taurine - 140 mg
Taurine is an amino acid which helps muscle contractions and absorption of calcium. It is often deficient in cats.
Hawthorne extract (flowering tops) - 70 mg
Hawthorne is a highly respected herb and has well-known cardio-protective properties. Hawthorn works by dilating blood vessels, thereby increasing the heart's energy supply and improving its pumping ability and does this by blocking the action of a blood constricting enzyme called ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme). The anti-oxidant properties of hawthorn also help to protect against damage caused by plaque build-up in the coronary arteries.
Eleuthero extract (root) - 70 mg
Eleuthero extract is an herb that supports the adrenal glands and reduces the effects of stress. Found in Siberian ginseng, this herb also boosts energy and strengthens the immune system.
Vitamin E (as d-Alpha Tocopheryl) - (70 IU) - 58 mg
Quercetin Phytosome - 50 mg
Vitamin E supplies oxygen to the blood, strengthens capillary walls and protects red blood cells. It brings nourishment to cells and helps to maintain healthy membrane tissue. Vitamin E is especially beneficial to older pets with heart disease, joint pain and skin disorders.
Quercetin provide beneficial antioxidant support and inhibits the production of inflammatory cytokines.
Arjuna extract (bark) - 35 mg
Arjuna bark extract decreases myocardial oxidative stress, protects the heart muscle from damage and supports the functioning of the heart muscle.
Coenzyme Q10 - 20 mg
CoQ-10 is a nutrient present in every cell of the body. As animals get older, their body's ability to make CoQ-10 diminishes so it is especially important to supplement this nutrient in senior pets. Co-Q10 strengthens the heart muscle and enhances oxygenation of the heart.
Iron Bisglycinate - 1.5 mg
Iron Bisglycinate enhances the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood.
Magnesium- 500 mcg
Magnesium is needed for enzyme functions, muscle and nerve cell membrane stability.
Potassium - 100 mcgEach bottle contains 90 chews.
Potassium is needed for acid-base balance, nerve-impulse transmission.
Inactive Ingredients: Arabic gum, buffered white distilled vinegar, chick pea flour, chicory root, citric acid, coconut glycerin, coconut oil, guar gum, natural hickory smoke flavor, rosemary extract, sunflower lecithin, sunflower oil, tapioca starch.