A tick-borne bacteria is the cause of Lyme Disease, which is transmitted when your dog is bitten by a tick harboring the bacteria known as Borrelia burgdorferi. Cases of Canine Lyme Disease have been reported in every state of the country, although the Northeast region and the states of California and Michigan are the areas with the highest incidence. But regardless of where you live, you should know what to look for in case your pet is ever exposed to it.Symptoms of Lyme's Disease in Dogs or Cats
If your dog is bitten by a tick and infected with Lyme Disease, he may begin experiencing symptoms within a few hours. Within a few days he may display the following symptoms:
- Generalized pain and sensitivity to touch
- Loss of appetite
- Sporadic or shifting lameness
- High fever
Diagnosing & Treating Lyme disease
For many veterinary professionals, the telltale sign of Canine Lyme Disease is severe joint pain, especially if the animal has no history of arthritis or joint disease.
When humans become infected with this same disease, one of the most revealing signs of exposure is a bullseye rash that develops around the tick bite. But with dogs, and even cats--although the latter seldom gets Lyme Disease--this does not occur. If you suspect your pet has Canine Lyme Disease, talk with your veterinarian about the following options:
Blood Tests -- To confirm a tentative diagnosis, your veterinary professional may want to run a blood test. In the past these have not been especially reliable. However, newer technologies are always being developed. In the meantime, many veterinarians prefer to rely on their clinical experience when deciding whether or not to treat an animal for this serious disease, so do not be surprised if he decides to start your dog on antibiotics immediately, without testing. When it comes to Lyme Disease, you have no time to lose if you want to prevent your dog from developing irreversible heart and nerve damage.
Antibiotics -- The standard treatment for treating Canine Lyme Disease is at least three weeks of antibiotics, but your veterinarian knows best and will make that decision. He will probably prescribe tetracycline, doxycycline or amoxicillin. If your dog has been infected with Lyme disease and begins receiving treatment during the first week of exposure, he has a 90% chance of recovery.
Holistic Care -- If you work with a holistic pet-care provider, ask about giving your pet probiotics to help keep healthy bacteria alive in his gastrointestinal tract during antiobiotic treatment. Another holistic approach is to boost the immune system so that your pet can use his own defense system to fight infections.
Ledum is a homeopathic remedy that is used in the treatment of Lyme Disease.
Finally, acupuncture can also help your dog fight this disease by boosting his immune system and reducing inflammation.
Preventing Lyme Disease
During tick season, there are several steps you can take to avoid exposing your pet to Canine Lyme Disease, but remember, no method is fool-proof. If you observe that your animal companion is unwell, do not hesitate to seek professional attention. As a precaution, follow these tips.
- Stay away from tick-infested areas. If you walk near wooded, sandy or tall grassy areas, stay on trails and pathways.
- Talk with your vet about tick repellants. There are several products that offer some degree of protection. These include Avonís Skin So Soft and Preventic collars. Your vet may also suggest the use of a topical spray, but these are not recommended except in situations where there is a serious tick infestation. In such cases, use with caution and never double up on applications.
- Thoroughly examine your dog for ticks if you think he might have been exposed. Ticks can be so tiny they are all but impossible to find, but should you find one, use a pair of tweezers to remove it, taking care not to separate the head from the body. Apply antiseptic after removal.
Vaccinating Your Pet
Presently, there are several vaccinations designed to protect dogs from Lyme Disease, but their effectiveness is questionable. Also, because they have a number of serious, long-term side effects associated with them, including kidney failure, many veterinary professionals do not recommend vaccinating dogs for Canine Lyme Disease.
Recovering From Lyme Disease