Types and Causes of Epilepsy in Dogs
There are not that many differences between feline and canine epilepsy. Both cause uncontrolled seizures and both can go years without diagnosis, depending on the severity of the seizures. But while feline epilepsy is characterized (in most cases) with Focal Motor Seizures, your canine friend faces three possible types of epilepsy:
- Reactive Epilepsy – Reactive Epilepsy is caused by metabolic issues such as low blood sugar or kidney and liver failure.
- Secondary Epilepsy – Secondary Epilepsy on the other hand is caused by issues such as a brain tumor, stroke or other trauma.
- Primary Epilepsy – Primary Epilepsy is diagnosed when your family friend has none of the symptoms associated with Reactive or Secondary Epilepsy. There is no known cure.
Either type of seizure can occur with canines, no matter what type of epilepsy your canine friend is diagnosed with. However, felines are more likely to suffer with Focal Motor Seizures, making it more difficult to recognize the symptoms of epilepsy.
Conventional Treatment of Epilepsy in Dogs and Cats
Conventional treatment includes initial diagnosis of the type of of epilepsy followed by a possible extensive, and probable life-long, routine of prescription drugs. The diagnosis phase includes a full work up or tests. These tests include:
- Blood count
- Serum chemical profile, Urinalysis
- Thyroid function tests
After diagnosis is confirmed, the vet will likely prescribe drugs that can counteract the effects of the seizures. In the case of Primary Epilepsy, which there is no known cause, the prescription drugs will likely be in the form of reactive treatment to help alleviate problems with the kidney and liver.
Natural Treatments for Controlling Seizures in Dogs and Cats
Natural remedies are preferential to some pet owners whose pets suffer from ill side effects from conventional prescription drugs, many of which can cause upset stomachs and an overall sedated feeling for Fido or Fluffy. Combined with a proper diet, homeopathic remedies are often made with ingredients known for preventing seizures. For instance:
- Passionflower – Passionflower is an herb known for its ability to calm overactive nervous systems, which of course can lead to seizures.
- Skullcap – Skullcap is a well-known calming herb with properties to ease overactive nervous systems.
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